This paper describes and evaluates the notion of economic justice that
appears in the contemporary literature known as "Islamic economics". It
argues that the injunctions the Islamic economists put forward as means
of ensuring justice rest on a fanciful model of human civilization, and
that they leave more room for interpretation than is generally acknowledged.
The Islamic economists downplay the possibility of discord over interpretation,
on the ground that Islam features a powerful mechanism for producing consensus.
The paper challenges this view on both empirical and logical grounds.
International Journal of Middle East Studies, 21 (May 1989):